Income Tax is a tax on income. Not all income is taxable and you’re only taxed on ‘taxable income’ above a certain level. Even then, there are other reliefs and allowances that can reduce your Income Tax bill – and in some cases mean you’ve no tax to pay.
When you become an employee, your employer is responsible for deducting Income tax and National Insurance from your salary before you receive it. This system is called PAYE (Pay As You Earn). You’ll get paperwork relating to PAYE from HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) and your employer
When you start work, HMRC will send you a tax code on a PAYE Coding Notice. They also send a copy of the Coding Notice to your employer, who’ll use it to work out how much tax to deduct from your pay.
Your employer may use an ’emergency tax code’ until HMRC issues the right one. If you’ve paid too much tax you’ll get it back through PAYE.
If you leave your job before you get the right code, or you want to claim tax back for a previous tax year, you can apply to HMRC for a refund.
For further information please visit NI Direct – www.nidirect.gov.uk – Starting your first job – tax and National Insurance
Page last checked: July 2016
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